Wetlands are the largest natural source of methane emissions. Microbial action in wetlands result in significant amounts of methane being formed and released to the atmosphere. Boreal’s open-path gas detection technology allows researchers and academics to accurately and reliably measure and quantify the GHG’s being emitted from the wetlands from the shore or solid ground.
Termites are the second largest natural source of methane emissions. The methane is produced by their normal digestive process. Termites eat cellulose but rely on micro-organisms in their gut to digest it which produces methane during the process. Our different technology configurations can be tailor made to suit individual mounds or large area sources.
Volcanic activity produces smoke, ash, carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide and other air pollutants. Our technology has been proven to be a valuable analytical tool for academics and researchers to accurately and reliably measure a variety of GHG’s from volcanic sources.
The air pollutants emitted by geysers include hydrogen sulfide, arsenic and other heavy metals. Boreal’s open-path measurement technology is proven to provide results on the emitted GHG from geysers.
Oceans, Rivers, and Estuaries
These are sources of methane emissions thought to be caused by the digestive systems of marine life, methanogenesis in sediments and drainage areas along coastal regions, and possibly seepage from methane hydrates on the ocean floors. We have a number of different configurations that can be suitable for measuring the methane concentrations over large bodies of water.
Forest fires created by lightning, or other natural causes, result in the formation and release of smoke, ash, dust, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides and other air pollutants. Since our technology uses laser light to quantity gas concentration we are in most cases better able to collect CO2 concentrations over other technologies.
Another biogenic source wherein microbial action in soils result in the formation and release of significant amounts of nitrogen oxides. Boreal’s open-path gas detection technology allows researchers and academics to accurately and reliably measure and quantify the GHG’s being emitted from soil sources.
Arctic Methane Hydrates
The measurement and quantification of warmed or depressurized methane hydrates proves to be a challenge for conventional gas detection methodologies but not for Boreal. Our open-path gas detection technology is tailor made for making point or area source measurements for the methane hydrate application.